Exploring Alaska: what secrets this region has revealed to the world

Alaska, with its wild and beautiful nature stretching back thousands of years, is a unique area rich not only in natural resources but also in scientific opportunities. Located in the northwest of continental North America, it is the largest state in the United States and the most remote and rugged region. Alaska’s geographic features, such as mountain ranges, glaciers, tundra, and boreal forests, provide unique conditions for scientific research.

Over the decades, hundreds of expeditions have traveled to Alaska to study its rich biodiversity, geologic features, climate processes, and more. These scientific expeditions have played an important role in understanding the world’s nature and climate, as well as in the development of scientific theories and methods. Alaska has become a sort of open-air laboratory for scientists from around the world.

It is undeniable that successful scientific expeditions are impossible without reliable logistical support. Movers play a key role in this, providing transportation of equipment, materials and scientists to the research site. We are proud to be involved in such important events and to contribute to the preservation, transportation and conservation of valuable finds discovered during expeditions. Through our capabilities, people from around the world can see and study these scientific discoveries in museums or in valuable collections, contributing to knowledge and understanding of our world.

Exploring Nature



The Arctic region of Alaska is one of the most unique places on the planet, rich not only in beautiful glaciers and snowy landscapes, but also in diverse flora and fauna and a distinctive climate that plays an important role in the global ecosystem.


Alaska’s flora and fauna

Alaska’s Arctic flora and fauna are adapted to the harsh conditions of a cold climate and short summers. It includes unique species of plants, animals, and birds that have adapted to extreme conditions and are of interest for scientific research. Plant species include lichens, mosses, mountain plants and rare flowers such as the Arctic iris.

Animal life includes bears, roe deer, caribou, squirrels, brown bear, and many species of marine animals such as seals, walruses, whales and dolphins.

  • Naurik (Mount Nunivak): An Alaskan high mountain range with more than 350 species of lichens adapted to extreme conditions.
  • Norton Sound: This bay is an important migration area for beluga and gray whales, which use its warm waters for breeding and feeding.
  • Denali National Park and Preserve: This park has more than 650 plant species and more than 160 bird species, and is home to the largest herds of roe deer and caribou in the world.

Climate Change Research

The Arctic is becoming increasingly important for climate change research because of its vulnerability and impact on global climate processes. Scientists study changes in temperature, ice and snow conditions, glacial melt, and the effects of climate change on animal and plant life. They also study the effects of these changes on the local ecosystem, including changes in species distribution, plant growth, and animal reproduction cycles.

Long-term observations

Climate monitoring systems at the Barrow and Fairbanks stations continuously track changes in air temperature and ice thickness over decades.

The climate monitoring systems are complex scientific installations that include weather stations, instruments for measuring air temperature and pressure, and tools for monitoring ice thickness.

These stations operate automatically and provide continuous data on the state of the atmosphere and ice cover over many years. Their operation is based on the use of advanced technology and high-precision instruments, which allows scientists to analyze and predict changes in the climate with a high degree of accuracy.


The ICESCAPE (Impacts of Climate on Ecosystems and Chemistry of the Arctic Pacific Environment) expedition was organized by the US research agency NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) in 2010.

The purpose of this expedition was to study the impacts of climate change on ecosystems and chemical processes in the North Pacific Ocean, including the Arctic. Scientists used specialized instruments and equipment to collect data on physical and biological ocean parameters such as ice thickness, water temperature and salinity, and concentrations of phytoplankton and other organisms. The results of the expedition allowed scientists to better understand the processes occurring in the Arctic Ocean and their impact on the world’s climate and ecosystems.

Impact on global climate

The Arctic plays a key role in global climate by influencing ocean circulation and the atmosphere. Melting ice and snow in the region leads to an increase in global sea level and changes in sea currents.

  1. Warming: According to the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC), over the past 40 years, Arctic sea ice extent has decreased by more than 40% and ice thickness has decreased by 65%.
  2. Sea Level: The National Science Foundation (NSF) estimates that the reduction in Arctic sea ice results in an increase in the level of the world’s oceans by an annual average of about 0.06 inches (1.5 mm) per year. This could lead to an increase in the level of the world’s oceans by tenths of a meter by the end of the century.
  3. Albedo: According to research by scientists at Arizona State University, shrinking Arctic sea ice is reducing albedo, the ability of a surface to reflect solar radiation. This increases global warming because the ocean surface, instead of reflecting sunlight, absorbs it and heats up.
  4. World Climate: Changes in the Arctic ecosystem can affect weather patterns in different parts of the world. For example, a decrease in Arctic sea ice can affect atmospheric circulation and lead to changes in the distribution of precipitation and temperatures in the northern hemisphere.

These changes affect climate systems in other parts of the world, including changes in weather patterns, precipitation levels, and temperature distributions. In addition, decreasing ice cover opens up new opportunities for natural resource extraction and transportation routes through the Northern Sea Route.

Conclusion: The study of nature and climate change in the Arctic is important for understanding the region’s ecosystem and its impact on global climate. Through scientific research and observations by scientists, we can gain valuable insights into the state of the environment and take action to protect the vulnerable ecosystems of Alaska and the planet.

Archaeological discoveries: excavations in Alaska



Discovery of ancient settlements: One of the important archaeological discoveries in Alaska is the discovery of ancient settlements dating back to BC. The most famous of these are settlements of American Indians such as the Tinglit, Yupik, and other Native American cultures. These settlements represent traces of ancient communities that existed in present-day Alaska thousands of years ago. For example, the Igluik settlement was founded about 2,000 years ago.


Artifact Discovery

The recovery of numerous artifacts from archaeological sites has allowed scientists to gain a deeper understanding of the culture and way of life of the ancient peoples of Alaska. Among the artifacts recovered from the excavations were stone tools, pottery shards, jewelry, and everyday objects such as utensils and tools. These finds allow us to reconstruct the way of daily life of ancient communities and their cultural traditions.


Secrets of Ancient Cultures

Archaeological discoveries in Alaska are helping to unlock the mysteries of the region’s ancient cultures. Studying artifacts and structures from ancient settlements allows scientists to understand the social, religious, and economic aspects of ancient communities. For example, some findings point to ancient Alaskan peoples’ close ties to nature and their dependence on hunting, fishing, and gathering wild plants for survival.


Native lifestyles

Archaeological excavations are also helping to better understand the lifestyles of modern Alaska Native peoples. Studying artifacts and traditions from ancient cultures allows us to compare them to modern Native customs and lifestyles. Some traditions passed down through generations have survived to the present day and remain an important part of Alaska Native culture.

Archaeological artifacts from excavations in Alaska are housed in various museums and archaeological centers both within the state and in other regions.

Some of these artifacts can be seen in Alaska museums such as:

  1. Alaska Museum and Sheldon Jackson Store: Located in Juneau, this museum features a rich collection of artifacts related to Alaska Native history and culture, including items from ancient settlements.
  2. William S. Monroe Museum in Anchorage: Named after archaeologist William S. Monroe, known for his research on archaeological sites in Alaska, this museum also contains collections of archaeological finds.
  3. Fairbanks City Museum: This museum features an exhibit on Alaskan history and culture, including artifacts from ancient settlements and excavations.
  4. University of Alaska Fairbanks Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology: This museum contains one of the world’s largest collections of archaeological finds from Alaska, including artifacts from ancient settlements and Native cultures.

Geologic Studies: Natural Resource Studies


Oil Field Discovery and Impact

Alaska’s oil fields, such as Prince William Sound and Proctor, are key sources of oil for the United States. Proctor, for example, contains estimated reserves of 85 billion barrels of oil and is one of the largest fields in the United States. Exploitation of these fields generates significant revenue for the state and supports local employment.

However, such operations also entail certain environmental risks, such as oil spills and leaks, which can damage marine and terrestrial ecosystems. In 1989, the supertanker Exxon Valdez ran aground off Bly Reef, resulting in a major oil spill. This resulted in the deaths of 250,000 seabirds, 3,000 sea otters, 300 harbor seals, 250 white-headed eagles, and 22 killer whales.


Geologic Processes and Landscape Shaping

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is actively engaged in the study of geologic processes in Alaska. This includes studies of tectonic activity, glacial movements, and volcanic phenomena. Through such studies, conducted using modern geophysical methods and technology, we are gaining a better understanding of the structure and formation of the region’s landscape.


Important Events in Alaska Geology

One of the significant events in Alaska geology was the 1912 eruption of the Novaruhbek volcano, which led to the formation of the Novarekta caldera. This eruption was one of the most violent in North American history and left a significant geologic legacy.

Ecotourism and adventure


Developing infrastructure for tourism and adventure in the Arctic

The Arctic, with its majestic glaciers, wild natural landscapes and unique fauna, is attracting more and more tourists who want to immerse themselves in the incredible world of adventure and ecotourism. In recent decades, the infrastructure supporting diverse forms of tourism and adventure activities has been actively developed here.

One of the key elements of tourism development infrastructure in Alaska is the creation of comfortable bases and resorts on the shores of the Arctic seas. The region’s tourism industry is actively developing, and a variety of accommodation options can already be found on the shores of the Bering and Chukchi Seas and along the Alaskan coast.

The Kenai Peninsula, on the shores of Kenai Bay, is home to one of the popular Alaska Wilds resorts. It offers tourists a wide range of activities including fishing, hiking on scenic trails, and glacier tours. Another of the famous resorts is Alaska Zipline Adventures, which specializes in conducting extreme zipline tours that allow participants to experience the adrenaline rush of flying over dense Alaskan forests.

In addition, a network of tourist routes is being developed, allowing travelers to explore the most interesting and picturesque corners of Alaska. For example, Denali National Park offers popular excursions to McKinley, the highest mountain in North America, and the city of Juneau offers cruises through fjords and bays, enjoying stunning scenery and observing Alaskan wildlife, including whales, seals and sea eagles.

These infrastructural changes are boosting Alaska tourism, making the region increasingly accessible to tourists and travelers.


The popularity of cruises and expeditions in Arctic waters

One of the most popular ways to explore the Arctic is through cruises and expeditions in Arctic waters. Cruise companies offer unique itineraries that allow travelers to experience the wilderness and see magnificent glaciers, wildlife, and Arctic landscapes from comfortable cabins overlooking the sea.

The popularity of such cruises is constantly growing, and today a variety of offers from prestigious cruise operators are available on the market. During the cruises, tourists can visit various Arctic ports, participate in glacier tours, observe Arctic animals such as seals, walruses and polar bears, and enjoy the unique Arctic landscape.

Arctic cruises are steadily growing in popularity, with a variety of offerings available on the market today from prestigious cruise operators. Some of the most popular itineraries include cruises from Sitka, Alaska, or the North Pole, as well as cruises around Spitsbergen Island in Norway.

For example, cruise companies such as Hurtigruten offer expedition cruises through Arctic waters on their ships such as the MS Roald Amundsen and MS Fridtjof Nansen. These cruises can range in duration from a few days to several weeks and include stops in various Arctic ports and regions.

Other cruise operators, such as Crystal Cruises and Silversea Cruises, also offer luxury cruises through Arctic waters on their exclusive ships. These cruises often include a wide range of entertainment and activities on board, as well as excursions and visits to important Arctic landmarks.

During the cruises, travelers can visit various Arctic ports such as Nuuk (Greenland), Longyearbyen (Spitsbergen) or Barrow (Alaska), participate in glacier tours, observe Arctic animals such as seals, walruses and polar bears, and enjoy the unique Arctic landscape.

We recently wrote an entire article about water travel in Alaska, you can read more about it at this link https://absoluterelocationservices.com/sea-voyages-and-cruises-alaska/.

Ecotourism and adventures in the Arctic represent a unique opportunity for tourists to immerse themselves in the natural world and discover its incredible beauty and diversity.



In conclusion, the importance of Arctic expeditions for science, nature and tourism can be emphasized. Alaska, as one of the key destinations for scientific research, plays an important role in understanding climate change, biodiversity and geological processes in the Arctic region. Expeditions to Alaska help expand our knowledge of the ancient cultures and history of this fascinating place.

For the nature of the Alaska region, expeditions play a role in protecting and preserving its unique ecosystem. Scientists and surrounding communities work together to research and protect the animal, plant, and water resources of the Arctic.

Arctic tourism is also an important aspect of the Alaska regional economy. The popularity of cruises and expeditions on Arctic waters attracts tourists from around the world, generating revenue for local communities and promoting infrastructure for tourism and adventure.

It is also important to note the role of moving companies in providing transportation and storage for belongings on Arctic expeditions. Movers, including our own, play an important role in organizing the transportation of equipment, tools, and supplies for scientists and tourists, ensuring safe and efficient travel in this inaccessible and unpredictable region.

Arctic expeditions to Alaska thus have a significant impact on various aspects of our lives, be it science, nature or tourism. They allow us not only to immerse ourselves in the wonderful world of the Arctic, but also to expand our knowledge and preserve this unique region for future generations.

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